Survival Camping Skills part 1Aug 20th, 2012 | By Garrison | Category: BFTC Featured, Getting Ready
Camping skills are good to know in any survival situation these are a few
Wire saws – Improvise a saw using a green sapling to form a hacksaw frame. you can use the wire saw in your survival kit for the cutting edge if you. If you do not have a wire saw in your survival kit look into one . Alternatively, simply insert short wooden handles into the loops on each end of the saw.
Bark container – This simple bark container is ideal for storingcollected fruits and berries. Trim a sheet of bark to the required size, fold up the corners, glue with resin and peg into place to set and paint the container with resin to waterproof. You can also use this container as a plate and to collect water.
Improvised knives - Improvised knives can be made from wood, bone, stone, metal, or even glass. To make a knife from glass, simply split a stick at one end, insert a piece of glass, and lash securely. To fashion a knife froma piece of bone, sharpen one end of the bone (the leg bone of a deer or other medium-sized animal is best) and fashion a handle from the other end. Even the lids of opened cans of food can be driven into a piece of wood and turned into an improvised knife.
Ropes and Knots - It is important for any survivor to have a basic knowledge to ropes and knots. This will be a great help in many situations, such as when building shelter, assembling packs, providing safety devices, improvising tools and weapons, and even for first aid. It is also important that you practice the knots below before you need them.
Traditional rope materials include hemp, coconut fiber, manila hemp, and sisal, but rope can be made from any pliable fibrous material that produces strands of sufficient strength and length.
Many modern ropes are made from nylon or other artificial materials. They are stronger, light, and resistant to water, insects, and rot. However there are drawbacks. They can melt if subjected to heat; they are slippery when wet; and they can snap if subjected to tension over a cliff edge. Remember this when choosing rope.
Rope terminology – Get to know the following words and phrases; they will help you greatly when tying knots:
Bend - used for jointing two ropes together or to fasten a rope to a ring or loop.
Bight - a bend or a U shaped curve in a rope.
Hitch – used to tie a rope around a timber or post so it will hold.
Knot - interlacement of rope or line to form a tie or fastener.
Line - a single thread, string, or cord.
Loop - a fold or doubling of a rope through which another rope can be passed. A temporary loop is made by a knot or a hitch. A permanent loop is made by a splice.
Overhand loop or turn – made when the running end of the rope passes over the standing part.
Rope (also called a line) – made of strands of fiber that are twisted or braided together.
Running turn – same as a turn,with the running end leaving the circle in the same general direction as the standerard part.
Running end - the free, or working, end of the rope.
Standing end – the balance of the rope, excluding the running end.
Turn - describes the placing of a rope around a specific object, with the running end continuing in the opposite direction to the standing part.
Underhand turn and loop – made when the running end passes under the standing part.
Knots – There are four basic requirements for knots: they must be east to tie and untie; they should be easy to tie in the middle of a piece of rope; they can be tied when the rope is under tension, and they can be tied so that the rope will not cut itself when under strain. There are 20 different kind of knots so here are a few.
Beef knot - This is the same as a square knot, but can also be tied by making a bight in the end of the rope and feeding the running end of the rope through and around this bight. the running end of the second rope is threaded from the standing part of the bight. if the procedure is reversed, the resulting knot will have a running end parallel to each other. this knot is called a thief knot.
Figure eight knot - This is used to create a larger knot than would be formed by an overhand knot at the end of the rope. It is used at the end of a rope to prevent the ends from slipping through a fastening or a loop in another rope. To tie, make a loop in the standing part of the rope and pass the running end around the standing part back over one side of the loop and down through the loop. then pull the running end tight.
Single-sheet bend – Used for tying two ropes of unequal size together. To tie, pass the running end of the smaller rope through a bight in the larger one. The running end should continue around both parts of the larger rope and back under the smaller rope. The running end can be pulled tight. This knot will draw tight under light loads but may loosen or slip when the tension is released.
Double-sheet bend – This is used for joining together ropes of equal or unequal size, wet ropes, or for tying a rope to an eye. To use, tie a single-sheet bend first. However do not pull the running end tight. One extra turn is taken around both sides of the bight in the large rope with the running end of the smaller rope. Then tighten the knot. This knot will not slip ot draw tight under heavy loads.
Those are just a few knots to learn cause like i said there are 20 of them, but I will write another article on just knots to follow this as a part two. I hope these help you out if you ever need to use them.
Good luck and have fun